Territorial Pact for conservation in the route of adaptation
Primary topic: Ecosystems Management. To be reviewed by Mohamed Sessay (Ecosystems Management). Claudia Capera will consolidate the comments.
Booklet: Nominated by Sarah Czunyi (for Ecosystems Management). Nominated by Carmela Lanza.| ]]
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Resumen de las lecciones aprendidas
In implementing various conservation actions, peasant and indigenous communities of the Upper Cauca River, took an "adaptive management of the territory" which arises explicitly in the "covenant of the people Kokonuco with mother nature" arise in the principles and guidelines that should guide the actions of the community in its territory . This agreement was also endorsed by peasant organizations established within the pilot area of the program.
This pact starts in moving the statement by the Indian authorities of the areas of interest for the conservation community, culture and production building and defining methods for administration and management. Special attention is given to social and environmental corridors (connectivity biology and cultural), the plots of biodiversity and the protection of water sources, these conservation actions framed in the path of adaptation, are showing changing trends and to address key threats derived from natural and human action. The regulations themselves have strengthened governance as the Kokonuco people have strengthened and peasant organizations have helped the community to understand the risks and vulnerabilities of their territory and their communities, in relation to climate change.
The level of social cohesion, the collective identity as the previous organization of peasant and indigenous communities, is a fundamental prerequisite for the development of this type of action. In this case the role of the indigenous authorities and their high degree of legitimacy were the support for the development of the actions, this measure was seen as a political tool to advance organizational allowing indigenous authorities in their role as environmental authorities under rights of the Colombian constitution provides indigenous peoples.
To strengthen the pact for the rights of mother nature, contributing to the survival of the Kokonuko people, their modes of production, the ecological and socio-economic planning, to reduce levels of community vulnerability and enhance the resilience of ecosystems to climate change impacts.
In the central Cauca PC coverage in 2008, before the arrival of the program, had done projects with themes associated as "water care to prevent droughts", but overall there was no clear understanding of what was going on with the planet in terms of climate change, nor worked in a planned measures to counter extreme events (droughts or severe winters, hail or frost.)
An analysis of vulnerability in the pilot area in which it was determined:
- "(...)weather events that have affected more intensely in order: heat, rain, wind, frost and hailstorms. Overall, for all axes of the analysis, the perception is that in 53.8% of the study area impacts of the events were in the "much stronger" and "stronger" than in most previous years.
- Sensitivity is presented in the upper and middle parts of the sub-basins of the study area, which is related to weather conditions (cold weather, and moorland, supermoorland), where drought, frost and hailstorms are factors that affect areas of intervention. Towards the lower parts of the basins, located in warm and temperate climates, involvement is marked by the phenomena of drought, wind and rain.
- Level territories of social organizations, the highest sensitivity is presented in safeguarding Paletará, followed Puracé, Kokonuko, Quintana, and Poblazón Asocampo, being then the Cauca Headwaters subbasin the most sensitive, followed by San Francisco and Rio Grande.
- It was found that most of the territory of the pilot area is in a high vulnerability level, in the following order: Paletará, Kokonuko, Quintana, Puracé, Poblazón and Asocampo. Rio Grande is the most vulnerable sub, followed by Emerging Cauca and San Francisco.
Strategy / approach chosen
To include the perspective of local actors on its territory, from their own cultural perspective, seeking answers to new climatic conditions and needs of the population against these changes, involves a holistic approach to adaptation measures, based on collaborative planning and the role of local governments in the process, in relation to the population and decision-making in other territorial levels (regional and national) .
This approach involved recognizing and visualizing conservation strategies historically advanced by the Kokonuko people, their successes and failures, as well as conflicts with other actors by overlapping functions and powers, the question arose of establishing future actions that may be a point of agreement and axes at the regional meeting.
Implementation of the strategy / approach chosen
The actions from the PC were promoted were adaptive management:
- Participative characterization of local knowledge of ecosystems and secondary information by sensitivity analysis of climate variability to select the elements of land and culture that contribute to the maintenance of ecosystems and define strips (corridors) priority management for all program adaptation actions.
- Definition and delimitation of areas of common interest, spiritual - cultural and environmental, contribute to the conservation on biodiversity, watershed regulatory areas and wetlands, in order to increase responsiveness community and ecosystem resilience (elasticity) towards change and climate variability-These areas, is present both in core areas for the implementation of the strips or corridors.
- Development, in the framework of the territorial autonomy of communities, use and management regulations to manage own areas of community interest by Indian authorities and peasant organizations.
- Establishment of silvopastoral systems in livestock areas within priority bands to generate greater connectivity and continuity of forest ecosystems.
- Establishment, management and monitoring of the acclimatization of species plots in different climatic zones and define and implement strategies for propagation species resistant to climate extremes.
Results and Impacts
- Identification of 95 protected areas (4 as nature reserves and 91 civil society and indigenous areas of interest) with a total area of 5885.2 ha, equivalent to 9.9% of the area pilot area total Cauca River basin. Of these areas are now declared for 19 111 ha.
- Forty-nine (49) parcels of restoration (bio-diversity), implemented to 67 families (eight plots in each zone of each organization, and 1 special zone restoration in mining Puracé).
- The declarations of areas of common interest, and covenants for the rights of nature, are positioning themselves on the public agenda of Kokonuko town and rural communities, to preserve Mother Nature, and change the ways man is being predator in their environment.
- Strengthen management strategies for areas of Community interest peasant communities and indigenous authorities are booking as recovery areas. Besides these declarations being implemented, environmental autonomy is claiming ethnic communities.
What kind of supporting sources are available which attest to the lesson learned? Such evidence can be quantitative or qualitative, and come from a variety of sources, e.g. evaluation findings, program participants’ experiences, expert opinion, etc. Consider the question: what is the evidence that the lesson was actually "learnt"?
- It is necessary to continue the consolidation of the activities of special management areas through expanded coverage and to implement management methodologies. A communication and advocacy strategy would be strategic to other indigenous and peasant communities to actively join this initiative.
- Biodiversity plots should further strengthen its work on recovery key plant and animal species for the capacity building of territory and communities to climate variability and change.
- Support from national bodies
Potential replication / application
Please briefly describe the potential application of this lesson to programming beyond the original context.(Is the lesson meaningful enough to guide practice in other contexts (eg Nationally, Regionally etc.)? Who would likely be interested in this lesson, and what kind of information / evidence They would like to see?)
- Joint Programme Document: "exchange of knowledge for adaptation to climate change": Paper Documentation of the experience of implementing measures, conservation and food security, for climate change adaptation in the Cauca River basin. In:www.cambioclimaticomacizo.org
- Documentation of the experience, support, participatory policy and adaptation measures in water, hazards and environments.
- Joint program document, "Summary of the transition path for Adaptation". In: www.cambioclimaticomacizo.org
- Text of declaration of the Kokonuko people for Rights of Mother Nature, available at: www.cambioclimaticomacizo.org
- Declaration of conservation areas Puracé guards, Poblazón and Quintana. Report agreements with indigenous organizations to implement adaptive route.
Where possible, please provide photographs or other images illustrating the story above or the success of the programme.