Interagency Coordination and Development of a watershed management plan
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The construction and development of watershed management plans is made possible with the the participation of various UN organizations, government entities, and a wide range of local actors (local authorities, traditional and community leaders or NGOs). They must consider all vulnerability components for climate change adaptation and mitigation (socioeconomic, biophysical and biotic).
Purpose of the activity
The purpose is to enhance technical and institutional capacities of Panamanian authorities in adaptation and mitigation of climate change, while creating awareness in the population by Providing Appropriate Tools to key stakeholders. These would enable them to take decisions to reduce the climate change effects; to restore and preserve the natural resources and eventually improve the capacities and quality of life of the basin inhabitants.
Original issue addressed by the activity
Levels of dependency on the river’s water and related resources soil, forest are very high, particularly among the river Basin inhabitants. This combined with the unsustainable management of these resources increases the vulnerability of the inhabitants mainly engaged in subsistence farming and forestry and leads to land degradation.
Strategy / approach chosen to address the issue
To conduct an inclusive and participatory process ensuring the participation of all public institutions involved (National Environmental Authority, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and the National Civil Protection System); Local Authorities, (Mayors and Represents of Villages); Traditional Authorities (county authorities, Regional Chiefs, General, Local and County Council Members); NGOs and community leaders .
To conduct transparent and inclusive consultative processes that allow participants to known in advance what the objectives are.
There should be accountability for results. Public, traditional and civil authorities could share their views in shared documents and presentations. They should present and share the results with all stakeholders involved throughout the consultation process and the development of management plans.
Implementation of the strategy / chosen approach
At first the methodological design and a proposal was prepared. Then after an Integrated Watershed Strategy (also the PC product), and finally a consultation process was conducted.
- Ensure the participation and respective contribution of various UN agencies (WHO, UNEP, UNDP and FAO).
- Ensure the participation and respective contribution of the various institutions of government (National Environmental Authority, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and the National Civil Protection System).
- Ensure the participation and respective contribution of Local Authorities (of Municipal Mayors and Represents) traditional authorities (district authorities, Regional Chiefs, General, Local and County Council members) and NGOs and community leaders.
These processes were not easy to coordinate given the variety and complexity of the various actors.
Results and Impacts
It is too early to measure the impacts of the adaptation and mitigation of climate change into management plans in Chucunaque and Tabasará watersheds since they were developed only in (December 2011).
Positive results are expected in short, medium and long-term with the implementation of proposed activities in the management plan, along with a series of lessons that could be replicated in other basins with similar conditions.
Both management plans are totally innovative in Panama. For the first time in the country mainstreaming adaptation and mitigation of climate change measures were implemented in basins with high vulnerability including the participation of a wide range of actors (multicultural).
- Progress reports containing the views of stakeholders in the development of the
adaptation and mitigation of climate change on management Plans on Basins Chucunaque and Tabasará watershed.
- The Workshops Proceedings for the development of the aadaptation and mitigation of climate change on management Plans on Basins Chucunaque and Tabasará watershed.
- The methodology
- The management plans
- Engage the national government in the implementation of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Plans on Basins Chucunaque and Tabasará watershed.
- Approve of the administrative resolution of the proposed ANAM Management Plans.
- Create a database of the projects that were not funded in order to enable them to access other funding sources.
Potential replication / application
The participatory methodology implemented on the Chucunaque and Tabasará watershed, involved stakeholders with various multicultural characteristics i.e. the participation of peasants and indigenous ethnic groups in Tabasará basin and of peasants, indigenous ethnicities, and afro-darien in Chucunaque. This methodology secure the participation and commitment of the different stakeholders and unified the vision of the basin they share, irrespective of geographic location along the river basin.
- ANAM - UNEP, 2011: Methodology for the Preparation of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Plans of the River Basins and Tabasará Chucunaque
- ANAM - UNEP, 2011: Strategy for the Implementation of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Plans of the River Basins and Tabasará Chucunaque
- ANAM - UNEP, 2011: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Plans
- Projects for the implementation Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Management Plans of the River Basins and Tabasará Chucunaque
Where possible, please provide photographs or other images illustrating the story above or the success of the programme.