Adaptation to Climate Change to Sustain Jordan’s MDG Achievements

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Contents

Background

Jordan has made strategic advances towards the achievement of the MDGs, but its achievements are now compromised by crippling water scarcity and vulnerability to climate change.

The MDG-F Joint Programme was introduced to support government agencies in developing a national strategy which could: 1) Sustain access to improved water supply sources despite increased water scarcity induced by climate change; and 2) Strengthen adaptive capacity for health protection and food security to climate change under water scarcity conditions.

Strategy

The Joint Programme adopted a participatory approach in the implementation stages. The key partners involved in the Programme include UN agencies, governmental agencies, research institutions, the local community and local NGOs.

Outcomes

Health and Water

  • Water Safety Plans (WSP) in five selected demonstration water supply systems in Urban and Rural areas have been implemented.
  • Critical laboratory equipment have been procured and installed in the Ministry of Health’s water testing labs to secure adequate readiness in the national counterpart responsible for the surveillance function within the new water quality management system.

Food Security

  • A risk assessment inventory on the impact of Climate Change on food security and crop productivity was conducted and the potential risks were identified and mechanisms to overcome or alleviate the effect of these risks were suggested.
  • Adaptation options and improvements of crop productivity were identified and tested and model farms have been selected and are now being prepared for implementation of adaptation interventions.

CD and IWRM

  • Knowledge on climate change modelling concepts was enhanced through capacity development in climate change modelling by experts from the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP).
  • The International Center for Water and Environmental Research at Al Balqa Applied University developed by the Joint Programme is now fully operational and was adopted by the Ministry of Environment as the official training center for environmental impact assessment studies.

Strengthening Adaptive Capacity to CC of the ZRB

  • The socio-economic impacts of climate change on water resources has been assessed, an assessment tool for prioritization of all possible adaptation to climate change interventions has been developed and tested and a programme on climate change adaptation has been developed and submitted to the Ministry of Environment.
  • A pilot interventions programme is now being prepared for implementation.

Challenges

  • Limited number of professionals and experts are were available for work on climate change and related fields.
  • There are were inadequate capacities in some of the leading organizations and institutions working in the area of climate change.
  • There is was lack of coordination between different organizations, entities, and stakeholders responsible for the climate change.
  • There are inadequate financial resources and available financing mechanisms which are needed to ensure the sustainability of the results and outcomes of the Joint Programme.
  • There is inadequate institutional structure and setup which are required for the better coordination and implementation of the results of the Joint Programme in organizations, working on climate change.

Way Forward

The inclusion of high-level decision makers from the government for heading up the six thematic committees for developing a National Strategy and Plan of Action to Protect Health from Climate Change means that the process will continue to be updated even after the UN Joint Programme ends. Moreover, replicability of this approach has become easier since it is developed internally within the country and there are now some 40 processionals trained in the process and its implementation.

Read more about this JP on the MDG-F website.

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